What makes Christian Counseling Christian?
Is it the content of the conversations (e.g., the number of times the Bible or Jesus are mentioned)? Is it the character of the person providing the counsel? Is the goal of counseling something that makes counseling Christian?
For those interested in studying Christian theories, you might start with the Psychology & Christianity: Five Views (InterVarsity Press, 2010) and observe five different Christian thinkers interact with psychology and four other thinkers. For the sake of this post, consider this illustration of the five key models.